Two-Phase Orthodontic Treatment
During the first phase, the goal is to help your jaw accommodate your secondary teeth so that your upper and lower jaws fit correctly together. Often children show early signs of jaw issues as they develop. If these signs are recognized, they could be candidates for early orthodontic treatment. Early treatment can be very beneficial and prevent the need for more extensive dental work or surgery later in life. When starting treatment, orthodontic records will be taken of your child to determine if early care is needed.
If phase one has succeeded, room for your child’s secondary teeth will be created. In this case the secondary teeth are left alone as they erupt. When not enough space exists, secondary teeth can often become impacted or displaced. At the end of phase one, teeth are not yet in their final positions. This will be finalized in phase two.
The goal of the second phase is to make sure all teeth are correctly positioned to function optimally with other parts of the mouth. This phase usually involves full upper and lower braces. At this time, all secondary teeth have erupted, and typically require braces from an average of 24 months. After this period, retainers are worn.